Oriana

Oriana, 4.2% golden ale.

Brewed with lager malt and Hersbrucker Hallertau hops.

BB-ORIANA PUMP CLIP-1

Colour:

15

 

The following information is courtesy of Wikipedia under a Creative Commons Share-Alike License.

SS Oriana was the last of the Orient Steam Navigation Company‘s ocean liners. She was built at Vickers-Armstrongs, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England and launched on 3 November 1959 by Princess Alexandra. Originally resplendent with her owners’ traditional corn coloured hull, Oriana appeared as an Orient Line ship until 1966, when that company was fully absorbed into the P&O group. Faced with unprofitable around the world passenger routes, the P&O white hulled Oriana was operated as a full-timecruise ship from 1973. Between 1981 and her retirement from service five years later, Oriana was based atSydney, Australia, operating to Pacific Ocean and South-East Asian ports. Deemed surplus to P&O’s requirements in early 1986, the vessel was sold to become a floating hotel and tourist attraction, first inJapan and later in China. As a result of damage sustained from a severe storm whilst in the port of Dalianin 2004, SS Oriana was finally sold to local breakers in 2005.

History[edit]

SS Oriana, seen in Sydney, Australia.

SS Oriana as a floating museum inBeppu, Japan.

In May 1954 the Orient Steam Navigation Company began considering replacing SS Orontes and RMS Orion on the United Kingdom to Australia route. One ship was called for, namedOrbustus in the early stages of planning, before Oriana was settled on – a reference to both the former Elizabeth I of England(who was nicknamed Oriana) and the recently crowned Queen Elizabeth II.[1]

Oriana’s maiden voyage was from Southampton to Sydney in December 1960, during this voyage the Oriana was the first Ocean liner to berth at the Fremantle Passenger Terminal.[2] At 41,915 gross tons and with capacity for more than 2,000 passengers in two classes (first and tourist), Oriana was briefly the largest passenger liner in service on the UK to Australia andNew Zealand route, until the introduction of the 45,733 ton SSCanberra in 1961. The Canberra could never match the Orianafor speed however, the latter having achieved 30.64 knots during her pre-hand over trials in 1960 and held the Golden Cockereltrophy for the fastest ship in the P&O fleet which she retained until she retired in 1986, when it was handed back to theCanberra (in spite of the fact that Canberra’s speed had by then been reduced to 23 knots). On Canberra’s final cruise the Golden Cockerel was handed over to the new MV Oriana when both ships were anchored off Cannes and sent boats out to perform the handover.

In 1962, the Oriana collided with the USS Kearsarge (CVS-33), resulting in damage and an eventual court case with the United States government, Orient Steam Navigation Company v. United States.[3]

From 1973, Oriana was converted to operate as a one class cruise ship and from 1981 until retirement in March 1986 was based in Sydney. After a layup of two months at No. 21 Pyrmont wharf, Sydney, the ship was sold and moved to Osaka[4] to become a floating hotel. The ship served as a floating museum atBeppu, Ōita from 1987[4] but this venture was ultimately not very successful, and she was subsequently sold to Chinese interests in 1995. The ship served as a floating hotel and tourist attraction in Shanghai until 2002, when she was moved to Dalian. In 2004 Oriana was damaged in a storm; repairs proved to be unfeasible and she was towed to a ship breakers yard and dismantled in 2005.[5]

The name Oriana was inherited by another P&O Cruises ship in 1995, the MV Oriana.